Racjonalista - Strona głównaDo treści

Fundusz Racjonalisty

Wesprzyj nas..
200.721.602 wizyty
Ponad 1065 autorów napisało dla nas 7364 tekstów. Zajęłyby one 29017 stron A4

Wyszukaj na stronach:

Kryteria szczegółowe

Najnowsze strony..
Archiwum streszczeń..

 Czy konflikt w Gazie skończy się w 2024?
Raczej tak
Chyba tak
Nie wiem
Chyba nie
Raczej nie

Oddano 368 głosów.
Chcesz wiedzieć więcej?
Zamów dobrą książkę.
Propozycje Racjonalisty:
Sklepik "Racjonalisty"

Złota myśl Racjonalisty:
"Mnie, który jestem okropnie polski i okropnie przeciw Polsce zbuntowany, zawsze drażnił polski światek dziecinny, wtórny, uładzony i pobożny. Polską nieuchronność w historii temu przypisywałem. Polską impotencję w kulturze - gdyż nas Bóg prowadził za rączkę. To grzeczne polskie dzieciństwo przeciwstawiałem dorosłej samodzielności innych kultur. Ten naród bez filozofii, bez świadomej historii,..
 Religie i sekty » Nowe ruchy religijne » Mormoni

Mormonism: The Goofiest Sect of All [1]
Autor tekstu:

A Rationalist Looks at Mormonism

With the recent focus on Salt Lake City, Utah as the site of the International Winter Olympics of 2002, the world's attention has once again been drawn to the Mormon religion. Salt Lake City, the „Zion" of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints (LDS), as the Mormons call their church, has certainly gloried in the world's spotlight.

With the advent of this newfound LDS marketing tool, I thought it might be of interest to many rational thinkers to find out a bit more than they perhaps already know about Mormonism. In order for this writing to be an article and not a book, its purpose must be severely limited to simply giving a brief overview of how the Mormon Church itself claims that the Book of Mormon came into existence. I will also mention an archeological problem the Book of Mormon seems to have created for the Mormons. Additionally, I will briefly comment on a portion of each of the other two sacred texts of the LDS Church, those being the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price.In this process, I must of necessity make a few observations about the founder of the Church, Joseph Smith.

The LDS church, at approximately 11.5 million adherents, is the fastest growing of the modern religious sects (those founded after 1800), and it seems, the one with the most books written about it, both apologetic and debunking. Obviously, this article can not even begin to cover such areas as the church's theology, its long history, Joseph Smith's colorful biography, nor its many controversies and tragedies. Those interested in exploring any of these and other areas related to Mormonism, or in verifying any of the claims made herein, please contact the author via email (donmtts@rcn.com) for a list of recommended books which include the source material for this article.

The Book of Mormon (hereafter referred to as the BOM) was first published in 1830. Its author was the then 25-year-old Joseph Smith Jr. (He dropped the „Jr." after his father died.) Of course, young Joseph claimed that he did not „author" the book at all. He simply translated it from an ancient text written in an equally ancient language he referred to as „reformed Egyptian."This text was written or engraved on some golden plates which Joseph claims to have unearthed in a hill called the "hill Chumorah" on September 21, 1823. This hill is near Manchester, New York. How did Joseph know exactly where to dig for these wondrous golden plates the skeptic might ask?Easy! An angel named Moroni came to him in a „vision" as early as 1820 when the then 14 year-old Joseph claims to have received the „First Vision." In the „Second Vision" in 1823, Moroni informed Joseph of the precise location of some gold plates which contained the sacred history of some ancient Hebrews (yes, "Hebrews," that is not a misprint) who lived in America from about 2200 BCE to about 421 CE.No, I am not making this up. In case you think I am just kidding, let me quote from the introduction to the current edition of the BOM published by the LDS church itself, to wit:

„The book was written by many ancient prophets by the spirit of prophecy and revelation. Their words, written on gold plates, were quoted and abridged by a prophet-historian named Mormon. The record gives an account of two great civilzations. One came from Jerusalem in 600 BC, and afterward separated into two nations, known as the Nephites and the Lamanites. The other came much earlier when the Lord confounded the tongues at the Tower of Babel. This group is known as the Jaredites. After thousands of years, all were destroyed except the Lamanites, and they are the principal ancestors of the American Indians."

The Introduction continues to explain to the prospective convert how Jesus Christ came over to the Americas (don't ask) and ministered to the Nephrites, „soon after his resurrection."The Introduction continues to explain that Jesus taught these ancestral Americans how to "gain peace in this life and eternal salvation in the life to come" through him-Jesus. This is just a side thought, but since, according to the BOM, the Nephrites were „destroyed" by the Lamanites who became the ancestors of our Native Americans, what exactly did J.C. accomplish with his mission to the Nephites? This is never explained. The BOM story would explain, however, why the native Americans whom the early explorers found here seemed to have been completely ignorant of the biblical Jesus. But, as I said, that is only a side point.

The official Introduction continues: „After Mormon completed his writings, he delivered the account to his son Moroni, who added a few words of his own and hid up the plates in the hill Chumorah." Yes, I assure you, that is an accurate quote from the official, current, BOM Introduction. You can look it up yourself. I just love the phrase, „who added a few words of his own," don't you? I can only suppose that the Lord's original dictation to Mormon was not quite "right" in the angel's son's [himself an angel] opinion. Therefore, he took it upon himself to fix it up a bit just as I, as an English teacher, often do with my student's papers.

In any event, without going into further hilarious detail, the above is the crux of the fabulous tale that young Mormon „missionaries" are peddling in living rooms across America, and indeed throughout dozens of countries over the face of the earth. Freethinkers will probably not be much interested in reading the BOM, even for laughs. It's dry, King James English style (Isn't it curious that the ancient „reformed Egyptian" translated into perfect King James style English?) would probably quickly put the active mind to sleep. Mark Twain once aptly described the BOM as „chloroform in print."

Incidentally, the Mormon Church regards the BOM as a sort of second installment of the Christian Bible-old and new testaments. The BOM is regarded as the document that „restores by God, through Joseph Smith, the only true church." Therefore, all other Christian churches (Mormons refer to their adherents as „gentiles") are false-no surprise there. It follows, then, that the authenticity of the BOM is no small matter.

To quote Alice while she was in Wonderland, the story gets „curiouser and curiouser."

When one consults the documents and testimony of Joseph Smith's contemporaries in the early 1800s as to precisely how the BOM was „translated," one finds a great deal of agreement from several witnesses that a special "peep stone," or "seer stone" was used. Now, the modern reader may not be familiar with the use of a „peep stone" to „see" things such as buried treasure, not normally visible to the naked eye. However, their use was apparently well known in the New England states in the early part of the 19th century as a kind of folk conjurer's device. There was a similar conjurer's device also commonly used at that time known as a „dowsing rod." The use of the dowsing rod to magically locate underground water has survived among superstitious people to the present time. The "seer stone," on the other hand, has gone out of fashion.

Several acquaintances of the Smith family have testified that Joseph Smith had used a „seer stone"-a small, dark colored, smooth stone with a hole in its center — to seek and dig for buried treasure prior to the angel Moroni's considerate revelation of the location of the magical golden plates with the Book of Mormon on them. Lucky for Joseph, he already had just the thing for their translation. Many witnesses observed Joseph Smith on several occasions using his seer stone, which he would put into the crown of his hat, then bury his face in the crown. Inside the crown of the hat, he claimed that a sort of luminous „spiritual light" would appear before him enabling him to „see" the golden plates, even though they may not have been right „there" at the time, and to successfully translate them. (Now, stop giggling. This is serious stuff, apparently, to Mormons.) He would normally dictate to a scribe, often seated on the other side of a curtain, who would write down what Smith said. (My research did not reveal whether he sort of hollered through the crown of the hat, or whether he removed his face from time to time to reveal what he had „seen.")

Joseph's first scribe was his long suffering first wife, Emma. Later, the gullible Mr. Martin Harris acted as Smith's scribe. Poor Harris excitedly showed the first 116 pages to his wife who apparently tore them up as the work of the devil. At least to this date, the missing 116 pages have never surfaced. Joseph and Harris had to start all over again. Joseph was furious. Probably out of a feeling of guilt, Harris ended up selling his farm to finance the publication of the BOM. (The Smith family always seemed to have had great difficulty, in the years before Joseph's church "took off," in eking out a living.) Thirdly, a Mr. Oliver Cowdry, a young schoolmaster who was boarding with the Smith family, acted as Smith's secretary/scribe. Despite Mormon claims that the 275,000-word manuscript was completed in a matter of a few months, it probably took about three years to complete.

Interestingly, there is still some controversy among Mormon scholars (yes, perhaps that phrase is an oxymoron) concerning exactly how the plates were translated. Despite the testimony alluded to above, Joseph Smith claimed that, actually, he used a special translating device which the angel Moroni was nice enough to leave with the plates-neatly packed in a stone box-in order to successfully reveal their message. This translating device is referred to as the „Urim and Thummin." What is the „Urim and Thummin" you may ask? Well, no one knows exactly. However, Joseph Smith's rather suggestible mother was recorded to have said that this device „consisted of two smooth three-cornered diamonds set in glass, and the glasses were set in silver bows." Of course, the controversy centers on the following question: Did Joseph exclusively use his rather unholy „seer stone" (a conjurer's device), or the much more holy "Urim and Thummin," or a combination of both to translate the plates? Do you care? I didn't think so.

The golden plates as well as the Urim and Thummin were, according to Mormon history, apparently taken back by the angel Moroni, perhaps to be re-buried at some other location. Those same „Mormon scholars" referred to above believe the likely location of at least some artifacts of ancient Nephites, as well as a possible new burial site of the golden plates, may center around Central America. These same „scholars" now claim that the great battles described in the BOM between the Nephites and the Lamanites may not have taken place around New York, despite the golden plates being found there. The BOM mentions a „narrow neck of land" and an apparently tropical climate. For the past 50 years BYU and other Mormon sponsored organizations such as the New World Archeological Foundation have sponsored archeological trips and „digs" in and around Chiapas and the Yucatan. Smith himself speculated that the Maya might have been the „Book of Mormon peoples." To this date, not a single shred of evidence has been turned up that would back up this theory. Yale University archeologist, Dr. Michael D. Coe, an expert on the Maya, has stated that „There is not a whit of evidence that the Nephites ever existed. The whole enterprise is complete rot, root and branch. It's so racist it hurts. It fits right into the nineteenth-century American idea that only a white man could have built cities and temples, that American Indians didn't have the brains or the wherewithal to create their own civilization." Seems clear enough to me!

1 2 Dalej..

 Po przeczytaniu tego tekstu, czytelnicy często wybierają też:
Mormoni i masakra z Mountain Meadows
An autobiography

 Zobacz komentarze (9)..   

« Mormoni   (Publikacja: 17-06-2003 Ostatnia zmiana: 06-09-2003)

 Wyślij mailem..   
Wersja do druku    PDF    MS Word

Don Havis

 Liczba tekstów na portalu: 2  Pokaż inne teksty autora
 Poprzedni tekst autora: Has the US Government Gone Crazy?
Wszelkie prawa zastrzeżone. Prawa autorskie tego tekstu należą do autora i/lub serwisu Racjonalista.pl. Żadna część tego tekstu nie może być przedrukowywana, reprodukowana ani wykorzystywana w jakiejkolwiek formie, bez zgody właściciela praw autorskich. Wszelkie naruszenia praw autorskich podlegają sankcjom przewidzianym w kodeksie karnym i ustawie o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych.
str. 2507 
   Chcesz mieć więcej? Załóż konto czytelnika
[ Regulamin publikacji ] [ Bannery ] [ Mapa portalu ] [ Reklama ] [ Sklep ] [ Zarejestruj się ] [ Kontakt ]
Racjonalista © Copyright 2000-2018 (e-mail: redakcja | administrator)
Fundacja Wolnej Myśli, konto bankowe 101140 2017 0000 4002 1048 6365